Food AKA

Here is a list of ingredients that I may have used in the past and might use in the future. With Indian ingredients in general, there is always the issue of trying to explain them in english and here is something that might help you. I have tried to list as many ingredients as I can remember, and will keep adding more when I think of it. Please feel free to let me know if I am missing anything in this list.


English


Tamil


Hindi

Flour or Dough

Maavu

Aata

All purpose flour

Maida maavu

Maida

Almond

Badam

Badam

Arjun bark

Chittaratai

Kahu

Asafoetida

Perungayam

Hing

Bay leaves

Tej patta

Beaten/flattened rice flakes

Aval

Poha

Bengal gram dal (whole or split)

Kadalai parupu

Channa dal

Bengal gram flour

Kadalai maavu

Besan

Broiled/roasted Bengal gram dal

Pottu Kadalai

Dalia

Black gram dal (whole or split)

Ulutham parupu

Urad dal

Black gram flour

Ulutham maavu

Urad aata

Black rock salt

Kaala namak

Black Eyed Peas

Karamani

Chowli

Black Pepper

Milagu

Butter

Vennai

Makhan

Buttermilk

More

Chaach

Camphor

Kalpuram

Kalpur

Caraway seeds

Sombu

Cardamom

Elakai

Ilachi

Cashew nuts

Mundri parupu

Kaju

Castor Oil

Velakennai

Divel

Chickpeas

Konda kadalai

Kabuli Channa

Chilli peppers

Milagaai

Mirchi

Cinnamon

Lavangapattai

Dal chini

Cloves

Krambu

Lavang

Coriander seeds

Kothamalli virai

Dhania

Corn Flour

Solamaavu

Makki Aata

Cumin seeds

Jeeragam

Jeera

Dry Coconut

Kopparai

Sukha nariyal

Dry ginger

Chukku

Soont

Egg

Muttai

Anda

Fenugreek seeds

Vendayam

Methi

Fennel seeds

Sombu

Saunf

Garlic

Poondu

Lasoon

Gingely oil/Sesame oil

Nalla ennai

Til da Tel

Gingely/Sesame seeds

Yellu

Til

Ginger

Inji

Adrak

Green gram dal (whole or split)

Payatham parupu

Moong dal

Green gram dal flour

Payatham maavu

Moong dal ki aata

Groundnut aka Peanut

Verkadalai

Shing Dhana

Honey

Thaen

 

Jaggery

Vellam

Gud

Kidney Beans

Rajma

Rajma

Lentils (Split or Whole)

Parupu

Dal

Millet

Ragi

Ragi

Mango powder

Maanga podi

Amchur

Milk

Paal

Dhoodh

Mustard seeds

Kadugu

Rai/Sarson

Nutmeg

Jaadikaai

Jaiphal

Nigella/Onion seeds

Kalonji

Pistachio

Pista

Pista

Poppy seeds

Kasa-Kasa

Khus-khus

Par boiled rice

Puzhungal arusi

Ukada chawal

Raisin

Ulanrdha drakshai

Khishmish

Red Chilli, dried

Milagaai Vathal

Lal mirch

Red gram dal (whole or split)

Tuvaram parupu

Toor dal

Rice

Arisi

Chaval

Rice flour

Arisi maavu

Chaval ka aata

Red/Pink Lentils

Masoor

Masoor dal

Rose Water/Essence

Roja poo saaru

Gulab Jal

Saffron

Kunkumapoo

Kesar

Sago/Tapioca

Javvarusi

Sabudhana

Salt

Uppu

Namak

Semolina

Rava

Sooji/Suji

Sugar

Sakkarai

Shakkar

Sugar crystal

Karkandu

Shakkar Khand

Tamarind

Puli

Imli

Thyme seeds

Omam

Ajwain

Turmeric

Manjal

Haldi

Vermicelli

Semiya

Walnut

Akhroot

Wheat

Godumai

Gehoon

Vegetables and Fruits 

English

Tamil

Hindi

Amarnath leaves

Molai keerai

Chowli bhaji

Ash gourd

Pooshnikai

Bhopia/Kaddu

Avacado

Butterfruit

Makhanphal

Asparagus

Musli

Beetroot

Beetroot

Bitter gourd

Paharkai

Karela

Bottle gourd

Suraikai

Doodhi

Eggplant/Brinjal

Kathirikai

Baingan

Broad beans

Avaraikai

Papadi

Black berry

Naga pazham

Cabbage

Muttaigos

Bandh gobi

Capsicum/Green bell pepper

Kudaimilagai

Simla mirch

Carrot

Carrot

Gaajar

Cauliflower

Cauliflower

Phool gobi

Corn

Solam

Makki

Cluster Beans

Kothavarangai

Coconut

Thengai

Nariyal

Colacasia root

Chepankizhangu

Arbi

Coriander leaves/Cilantro

Kothamalli

Dhaniya leaves

Cucumber

Vellarikai

Kakadi

Curry leaves

Karuvepilai

Kadi pattha

Drumstick

Murungakkai

Seng

Elephant Yam

Senaikizhangu

Suran

Fenugreek leaves

Medhaya keerai

Methi ka saag

French beans

Beans

Phansi

Gooseberry

Nellikai

Amla

Green chilli peppers

Pachai milagai

Hara mirchi

Okra/Lady’s finger

Vendakai

Bhindi

Lima Beams

Mocchai

Lime

Elumichankai

Neembu

Lemon

Elumichanpazham

Neembu

Mint leaves

Pudhina keerai

Pudhina

Onions

Vengaayam

Pyaaz

Peas

Pattani

Mutter

Plantain (raw)

Vaazhakai

Kacha Kela

Plantain flower

Vaazhaipoo

Kela ka phool

Plantain stem

Vaazhaithandu

Kela ka dhand

Potato

Urulai kizhangu

Aaloo

Radish

Mulangi

Mooli

Raw Mango

Maangai

Kacha Aam

Red pumpkin/butternut squash

Parangikai

Bhopla/Kaddu

Snake gourd

Podalangai

Chahehinda

Spinach

Keerai

Paalak

Sweet potato

Sakaraivallikizhangu

Shakarkhand

Tender Mango

Maavadu

Tomato

Thakkaali

Tamatar

Water chestnuts

 

Singhaara

Apple

Apple

Saeb

Banana

Vazhai pazham

Kela

Cantaloupe

Kirneer pazham

Kharbooja

Chikoo

Sapotta

Chikoo

Custard Apple

Seeta pazham

Seeta phal

Dates

Perichampazham

Khajur

Fig

Athi Pazham

Anjeer

Grapes

Drakshai pazham

Angoor/Draksh

Guava

Goyya pazham

Amrud

Jack fruit

Palaa pazham

Kathal

Mango

Mampazham

Aam

Watermelon

Darboos

Tarbooj

Orange

Kamala orange

Narangi

Papaya

Pappali pazham

Papita

Pineapple

Annasi pazham

Ananaas

Pomegranate

Madulam pazham

Anaardana

Sweet lime

Saathukudi

Musambi

Miscellaneous 

English

Tamil

Hindi

Cream

Aadai

Malai

Clarified butter

Nhei

Ghee

Cottage cheese (Indian)

Paneer

Paneer

Yogurt/Curd

Thayir

Dahi

Pickled spicy vegetable

Oorga

Achar

Tea

Tea

Chai

Water

Thanni

Paani

Coconut water

Elaneer

Naariyal Paani

Vegetables

Karigaai

Sabji

 

 

 

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7 thoughts on “Food AKA

  1. Thank you Maninas. It’s great that you picked up Hindi!
    I guess Tamil being a regional language is a bit more complicated and less frquently heard of. I am hoping to change that : )

    Like

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